number11008-02
print titleMyōdensu jūroku rikan 2
Gaman sonja
(Sixteen curious considerations of profit 2
Saint damaged by endurance)
series titleMyōdensu jūroku rikan (Sixteen outstanding considerations of profit)
series descriptionThis series consists of 16 ōban size prints.
sizeōban
artistKuniyoshi
signatureIchiyūsai Kuniyoshi giga
artist`s sealYoshikiri-in
era nameKōka 3, 10th month
year of publication1846/10
censor’s sealMura (Murata)
publisherEnshūya Matabei
inscriptionSore gaman naru hito wa fugu to mochi o zōni ni shite kui ebi ya shijimi o karagoto garigari to kui kitsui to homerarete yorokobi haifuki o nondari rōsoku o kuttari atsui cha o ippai to senbei o jūmai to nomikkura o shite kuchi no yakedo o kamawazu daifukumochi o hachijū kutta no shiruko no an o nabe ni ippai nonda no to tsumaranu koto o homare to shi tsui ni daishokushō o shite yōyō inochi hitotsu o hirou tagui kore mina gaman nari mata toshiyori no gaman wa hiyamizu o nonde hara o kudashi yomichi no gaman wa ōkami ni dekuwase hōkōnin no gaman wa futene o shite hara o herashi kubippiki no gaman wa eri o surimuki niwakamono no gaman wa fundoshi made mo nurashi tōmichi no gaman wa ashi o mamedarake ni shite nayami nyōbō no gaman wa mikka bakari mo mono o iwazu yasegaman wa tsukaimono ni ki o hari korera ni toku no yuku koto hitotsu mo nashi tokaku ni gaman suru hito wa hito ni makemai makemai to omou yue ōki na koto bakari iu mono nari yotte haifuki kara ja o idashite gaman o suru wa ōki na sonja suteki na sonja metsubōge na sonja to imashimetamaunari
image descriptionWoman who holds a long pipe in her hands looks down to a gift basket which is standing beside her feet with a fish inside. The Gaman sonja on the hanging scroll is holding an ash receptacle made of bamboo in his hand and from the ascending smoke a dragon is rising.
interpretationAfter the edict (machibure) from the 6th month of 1842 which interdicted the bijinga (beauty-pictures), Kuniyoshi started to paint this type of pictures as giga (humorous pictures) in order to bypass the monitoring system of the authorities. The „16 illustrations of Arhat (十六羅漢 16 rakan) became “16 considerations of profit” (十六利勘 16 rikan), the “Buddhist saints” (尊者 sonja) became “damaged saints” (損者 sonja). Kuniyoshi produced in this series a very simple and straight logic about different characters of persons of that time, and presented them in a funny and cynical way. In this series of 16teen pictures two different types of censorship seal can be observed. Ten pictures are signed with “Murata”, six with “Mura”. In any case it indicates the person in charge for the censorship system, Murata Sahē. The researcher Iwakiri assumes, that the censor Sahē changed the seal from “Mura” two “Murata” during the printing of this series in the 10th month of 1846.

The Japanese proverb “Dragon out of the ash receptacle” has the same meaning as “A pony out of a gourd” namely, that something totally unpredictable is happening. The meaning of Kuniyoshi’s picture is something different. He tells the “saint damaged by endurance” deadly serious, that it is quiet uncomfortable for a dragon to endure in such a small place as an ash receptacle. At the notes on the picture all different kinds of endurances are listed, such as the “endurance of the aged”, the “endurance of the road at night”, the “endurance of the servants”, the “endurance of the neck-pulling-game”, the “endurance at a pelting rain”, the “endurance at a long path”, the “endurance of the wife” or the “endurance when you do not want to show that you can not endure any longer”. All these different kind of endurances are of no use at all but are harmful and that is why we are told never to endure. Kuniyoshi presents the fundamental idea of the Tenpō-reform through the Confucian doctrine “endurance means to endure the unendurable” in a clear and cynical way.
collection
referenceIwakiri 2002: 24-25, Osada 2002: 149, Yamada 1992: 934-949
copyrightPrivate Collection Vienna
image categorybijin-ga, fūshiga, giga
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