number11021-46
print titleShinkoku konku minpei
series titleNippon banzai Hyakusen hyakushō (Long live Japan! One hundred selections, one hundred laughs)
series description50 sheets
sizeōban
artistKobayashi Kiyochika
signatureKiyochika
artist`s sealKiyochika
era nameMeiji 28
year of publication1895/8
publisherMatsumoto Heikichi
inscriptionShinkoku konkuminhei Koppi Dōjin
Kaigun mo rikugun mo mechamecha ni makete ōmake ni make/tsuzukeru Shinkoku wa, tachimachi heishi ni fusoku o shōjite kita/ kara yamu o ezu kokuminhei no boshū ni chakushu shita tokoro, / sassoku uyouyo to dete kita no wa ii ga, manzoku na yatsu wa/ mina sono zen ni deharatte, ima wa sono nokori-mono bakari,/ koto ni nan demo kan demo de sae sureba, ikura ka zutsu/ no zeni ga moraeru to iu mokuteki de, hon no nittō ga hoshi/sa ni dete kita koto yue atama-kazu wa ōi ga hitori to shite / manzoku na mono wa nai, dō ka kō ka ningen rashii to omo/eba shichi hachijussai no mōroku-oyaji, koyatsu wa toshi ga wakai kara, sukoshi wa yaku ni tachisō da to omoeba, mekura yara chin/ba yara tsunbo yara oshi yara, mata izari kattaibō deku/nobō nado, soroi mo sorotta katawa-mono bakari da kara, sasuga no shikan mo tōwaku shite iru ni, dete kita yatsura wa hei/ki no kawa de Mekura “Anmā ue shita sanbyakumon” Izari “Dan/na-sama ya go-shinzo-sama, ashi koshi no tatanai izari ni wa dōzo/ ya ichimon” to iu arisama nareba, shikan wa masumasu mote/amashita to mie Shikan “Korakora douzo ya ichimon chū no wa nan no koto/ ja, sono yō na koto o iu to kojikimawasu zo”

The hardship of the Chinese militia [by] Koppi Dōnin

The navy and also the army was smashed in a great defeat. Consequently, an evident shortage of soldiers forced China, which continued (the war), to attempt recruiting for military service. Though it's good that immediately many people appeared in droves, useful fellows had run out already and now only those are left over who participate in everything with the intention to make money. As they appeared following the urge to receive a daily wage, the headcount is great but not one useful fellow is among them.
If you look for someone who is still a human being, then you'll find senile old men of 70 or 80 years of age, or if it's young men who are useful, you'll find only blind, lame, deaf and mute men, maybe even cripples sliding around on their knees as well as lepers and good-for-nothings etc. All of them human waste.
That's why the officer became desperate when the men stood in front of him with excessive self esteem.
Blind man: “A massage from head to toe makes 300 mon.”
Hampered man: “Dear sir or dear madame; one mon for a lame man who can't stand, please.”
Now the officer is completely angry and depressed.
Officer: “Hey, hey, stop it! Why are you talking about money? If you talk like this I will mop the floor with you beggars. (Send you to the beggars.)”
image descriptionIn front of a Chinese soldier with his mouth wide open and holding a sword stands an old man with a hunched back supporting himself on a rifle. Next to him stand several old men in a row. In the background, a soldier holding up a rifle and men carrying rifles marching in front with a hampered man are depicted.
interpretationThe title of this print series, “one hundred selections, one hundred laughs”, is a pun and means “one hundred battles, one hundred victories”. In this series of comic propagandistic images about the Sino-Japanese War, Kiyochika draws the Chinese enemies in a very degrading fashion.
The fact that the original depiction was published four months after the end of the war indicates that at that time a mood of victory had spread within Japan. There, the kokuminhei (militia units) of defeated China are mocked as men of old age, handicapped and beggars, illustrating how terrible they are. The image title “The hardship of the Chinese militia” is supposed to be an allusion to “military service” and the phrase “send to the beggars” appearing in the inscription is a pun with the meaning “to shove somebody around to mop the floor with somebody”.
collectionNMJH
copyrightPrivate Collection
image categoryfūshiga, giga, Nisshin sensō-e
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